advantages and disadvantages of timber

All Rights Reserved. Choosing the right material completely depends on your given project, but each building material has its own advantages and disadvantages, there are many different materials to choose from. Wood has been used for centuries, and it is still a relevant construction material today, because of its versatile properties, its diversity and aesthetic qualities. Uniform size and surface. Because of their faster growth and relative abundance, softwoods are commonly used for structural framing of the wood building in North America. Timber can burn making it a less than ideal material to use in applications where fire safety is a concern. Wood has been used as a building material for thousands of years, being second only to stone in terms of its rich and storied history in the world of construction. Though at least, Timber is also believed to be a ‘future material’. According to ‘Christopher Gorse’, ‘David Johnston’ and ‘Martin Pritchard’ (Author of Oxford Dictionary of Construction, Surveying & Civil Engineering), Wood is a naturally occurring material obtained from trees. Followings are the reasons to perform timber seasoning. Wood has been used for thousands of years by we humans. These include its high strength to width ratio, its durability, performance and good insulating properties against heat and sound. For Example, they used to make huts out of wood; they also used it for cooking purpose. It is essential to clarify the terminology for its various uses. It has good strength and hence used for making load-bearing members like beams, columns, trusses and piles. Timber is classified as a renewable material, as the principle holds that if a tree is felled another is planted in its place. The advantages of treating timber. Hardwood is a dense wood obtained from a broad-leaved tree or Deciduous Trees. The timber wood is having the straight wood grain texture and that is why designers and the artisans feel easy to work with it. It is also susceptible to termite attack if not maintained properly. The longevity of timber can be considerably increased by treating it with certain chemicals grouped together as preservatives before use. Timber can be easily connected using nails, screws, dowels, bolts and connectors. To get Timber, the trees are cut down or they naturally fall on the ground. The first factor to be… However, timber will always be widely used throughout the construction industry, as one of its biggest advantages is that it is a natural resource, making it readily available and very economically. It is subjected to risk of fire. Douglas Fir Wood also has some disadvantages which are I am going to share. The rough timber is used for temporary works like scaffolding, centering of an arch etc. While marble, laminate, ceramic, or granite are the popular options. Sthapati Designers & Consultants Pvt. Whether you go with traditional timber framing or (modern) “timber framing for the rest of us,” you will discover certain advantages and disadvantages in both systems. There are many structural and nonstructural applications of timber in building construction. Advantages. Renewable energy sources. Timber has been used in structures for thousands of years, and as time has passed, it has developed to help the construction industry achieve the efficiency in the structures they create. Advantages and disadvantages of Medium Density Fibreboard are discussed below. It is naturally available, ready to use and economically feasible. Disadvantages of Timber It is likely to crack, wrap, bend and decay, if not properly seasoned and not treated with the preservatives. Timber can be used for so many purposes, but has some advantages and disadvantages. Some advantages of using wood in construction are heat resistance and sound absorption, while disadvantages include it being a combustible material that's subject to biological deterioration. Ltd. Hardwoods are also used for wall panelling, trims, cabinets, furniture because they have a more interesting and varied grain structure. There are several inherent characteristics that make timber an ideal construction material. These days, with the advances in science and technology, it is rapidly replaced by composite wood materials in which natural wood is just an essential ingredient of a matrix or a laminate. Some examples are plywood, fiberboards, chipboards, compressed wood, impregnated wood etc. Preservation of timber means protecting from fungi and insects attack so that the life of timber is increased. ADVANTAGES OF TIMBER Timber is a versatile material. Timber can be great for insulation on buildings, whether that is sound or heat. – Know More About it! Due to its versatility, this building material is still widely used due to its excellent load bearing and thermal insulation properties; we recently even saw the tallest all-timber building built in Norway. Relatively recent developments in processing and technologies have provided products of timber for a wide range of application. 9 Benefits and Advantages of Using Timber Cladding. Hardwood is quite costly as compared to other types of flooring. Pine has more knots, but it's more affordable that hemlock or fir. Pros/Advantages Some of the pros/advantages of softwood are mentioned below: Workability: The most important benefit of using softwood for furniture making is that it is very easy to use and work with and can be used with wide range of applications. What is the Preservation of Timber? Besides being blogger, she also participates in quantity survey, site management, design & detailing. Despite material advancements in the decking market timber remains one of the most popular options. The terms ‘softwood’ and ‘hardwood’ do not exactly indicate softness or hardness of particular timbers. However, timber will always be widely used throughout the construction industry, as one of its biggest advantages is that it is a natural resource, making it readily available and very economically. The quality of timber depends on the environmental conditions of the locality, maturity of the tree, methods of seasoning, process of preservation and time of felling. The cost will, of course, depend on the scale of the project, but timber can be cheaper than a steel-framed building or masonry building, partially due to its speed of construction. Termites, carpenter bees, carpenter ants, powderpost beetles and wood-devouring fungi are all common wood-destroying pests. Can be used for a very long time. If you have any questions, then please do not hesitate to get in touch on 01579 345777. With a wide variety of both soft and hardwood timber options to choose from and the ability to install it vertically or horizontally, there is something to suit every style and every budget. Early humans used wood for various purposes, but primarily it was used as a fuel and even as a construction material. A great economy of materials. To make a confident use of woods. Advantages of Wooden Sleepers They are cheap and easy to manufacture They are easy to handle without damage They … It has uniform colour. Technology very cheap and readily available. Different experts have defined wood in their own way. Wood-Destroying Pests One of the greatest disadvantages of wood is that a variety of pests are attracted to-- and can destroy-- wood. This is known as the felling of trees. The term 'timber frame' typically describes a system of panelised structural walls and floors constructed from small section timber studs, clad with board products, in which the timber frame transmits vertical and horizontal loads to the foundations. Timber that is treated with a preservative generally has it applied through vacuum and/or pressure treatment. Medium Density Fibreboard (MDF) is an artificial wood product. Water can be absorbed into the material, causing it to rot and mould, which can compromise the strength and cause adverse health effects. Advantages of Kiln Seasoning of Timber. According to ‘Catherine Soanes’, ‘Sara Hawker’ and ‘Julia Elliott’ (Author of Pocket Oxford English Dictionary), Wood is a hard and fibrous substance which forms a significant part of the trunk and branches of a tree. It is important to remember that no construction material is perfect, and that is why a number of different ones are often used for each project. Seasoning of timber is done to fulfill some specific requirement. excellent insulator: houses they are built out of bricks also known to have outstanding insulating properties, but timber manages to surpass them The disadvantages that come with the use of timber flooring include: 1. It is moderate in hardness yet it is highly workable. Ash can be used as fertilizer. Wood Is Renewable Unlike concrete or metals, wood is a building material that can be grown and regrown through natural processes and also through replanting and forestry management programs. Timber Wood Advantages and Disadvantages Here are some of the advantages and disadvantages of using Timber Wood: Advantages/pros Timber generates very few pollutants compared to other building products. To protect from the attack of destroying agencies such as fungi, insects etc. Tree Classification Based on Mode of Growth. Copyright 2020 GharPedia. Remaining waste can be recycled. Low embodied energy if constructed in local timber Reduced … How to Choose the Right Type of Wood for Log Cabin? 4. Let us look at the advantages of installing timber flooring. The timber can be seasoned thoroughly well and in a short span of time under controlled conditions. It is important to remember that no construction material is perfect, and that is why a number of different ones are often used for each project. There are a few insects that affect woods in many cases. Timber with high moisture content (more than 20 % moisture content), wet concrete will shrink & cup leading to open joints & leakage of grout. Sourced sustainably and lasting many years, timber cladding is an ideal material choice for … Choosing the type of flooring for your home is one of the most difficult decisions involved in interior designing. If large open plan spaces are required, however, steel framing will likely be required to ensure structural stability. There are various stages involved in the preparation of Timber from the trees. It ages naturally and is not degraded into toxic product that damages the environment. There are many applications for which timber is unsuitable due to durability issues. 2. Different Types of Defects in Timber as a Building Material! Advantages of steel formwork. Disadvantages of Douglas Fir Wood. Cheap or free in rural areas. Janvi Desai is a Civil Engineer (BE). Condensation occurs when warm air from the inside touches a cold wall which has not been insulated well. It's only real disadvantage is that it's one of the weakest woods … Disadvantages of steel formwork. The timber wood does not get corroded when it comes in contact with the salt or chemicals. Unfriendly with the Environment Many people are always happy to see the good-looking construction of their structure made of traditional timbers. Timber tends to perform a lot better than steel or brick when used in external cladding to help keep the heat in, and this can be extremely beneficial for those looking to create a structure which is more efficient and environmentally friendly. She graduated from Government Engineering College – Bharuch in 2017. Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. Generally, Hardwoods are used for flooring, finishing, where their higher densities (which give excellent abrasion resistance) are useful. Unlike other materials, it is possible to build a structure entirely out of wood. Although a timber-framed house can be treated with fire retardants, this tends to slow down the surface spread of flames as well as reducing the production of smoke. Therefore, it is necessary to remove the water before the timber can be used for any engineering purpose. Wood is a natural material that has been used for the construction of buildings, bridges and various other structures since many centuries. Timber Framing Advantages. To know more details abouttimber properties, Read – Properties of Timber as a Building Material. Advantages and Disadvantages of Air Seasoning of Timber Compared to Drying • Kilns can dry to lower moisture contents than can air seasoning – in fact we must use kilns in countries having cool, moist weather conditions (such as U.K.) for most indoor applications. The preservatives may be water solvable salts or oil solvable salts or volatile base salts. Trusses require 30% less timber than a traditionally constructed roof made of rafter structures. Timber is most widely used building material because it has a range of varied characteristics that makes it suitable for a wide range of application. It is capable of taking loads slowly or suddenly. Softwoods are generally faster-growing and cheaper than hardwoods. A good timber is free from serious defects like knots, shakes, flaws and cracks. Wood has a unique ability to contribute for well-being of human being both as a material for use and as a key element in the natural world of the forests. For example, grain patterns, colours and its availability in many timber spices, sizes and shapes, makes it a remarkably versatile and aesthetically pleasing material. The wood is fine, uniform structural tissue of a tree, and is favored because of its exceptional cutting qualities, durability, rich color, and aroma. Timber is obtained from two broad categories of trees: These trees are further classified as softwood and hardwood. Apart from this, wood had a wider range of use even then. Know the Difference Between Cement and Concrete. Wood is a material of high-tech, but despite this, it has its disadvantages that can occur at any time. Condensation is a problem which can occur in any type of structure but having to deal with it can be extremely difficult. Aluminium is expensive, steel is one of the most popular materials but has a relatively poor strength to weight ratio, rusts in an untreated state and can sometimes be prone to brittle fractures. But, is it the best? Timber from well-managed forests is one of the sustainable resources. Disadvantages: As timber is natural and cellular it moves with changes in climatic conditions. They are considered less decorative and are typically less prone to moisture movement. The moisture content can be reduced as per requirement. 4 Benefits of Selling Your House to a We Buy Houses Company! Easy to be fixed. 2. The objectives of preservation of timber are. Construction Chemicals: An Essential Component for Speedy Construction! Wood is commonly used in construction due to its long-term durability. Every wood has its own advantages as well as some drawbacks. Grasscrete: Sustainable Paving Systems | Types, Advantages & Installation. ‘Wood’ is often used to describe the furniture and other non-structural items. So we should know before using any wood. – Know More About it! 3. Timber excels where strength (or stiffness) to weight is more important than absolute strength (or stiffness). Cost: Douglas fir timber is a softwood species. The various uses of timber are. The essential facts to be remembered in connection with felling of trees are age of trees for felling, Method of felling and season for felling. Wood has several advantages that help both the builder and the environment. To reduce the adverse behavior of woods. As wooden technologies overcome constraints, timber begins to compete with steel and concrete. Seasoning of Timber: Basic Info | Objectives | Pros & Cons! It offers several different advantages. – Know More! 4. In addition, timber is renewable as it continually grown in plantations and forests. According to ‘David Blockley’ (Author of New Dictionary of Civil Engineering), Timber is a wood, which is prepared for building and carpentry use. 9 main advantages of timber trusses in comparison with similar rafter structures, glued timber structures, and steel structures:1. So, timber seasoning is the process in which timber is dried. Timber is also a renewable resource and can make an essential contribution to the achievement of sustainable building. The cost of timber flooring can be very expensive. Examples of softwood trees are Chir, Deodar, Fir, Kali. Untreated timber piles above groundwater may last more than 25 years but are not permanent. She is passionate about research and study of latest developments. Single Flight Staircase vs. 11 Points That You Should Always Check on a Cement Bag Before Buying It! Limited size or shape. If this happens to a structure which has a timber frame, it can rot the skeleton of the building. Tsotso stoves conserve live trees. Pine has the advantage of aesthetics if you like rustic lumber for paneling, cabinets or furniture. Mainly if the wood itself is moist. There are few building materials which inherently possess the environmental benefits of wood. Timber is the classic choice for outdoor decking. To know more details about preservation of Timber, Read – What is the Preservation of Timber? Many types of timber are capable of withstanding harsh weather conditions and are resistant. Wood can be fabricated into all kinds of shapes and sizes to fit practically any construction need. Well as some drawbacks or sophisticated tools were required to work with it is obtained two. ’ is often used to connect the timber seasoned by this method is less liable to.! Destroying agencies such as fungi, insects etc the passage of time to is! For various purposes, but it 's more affordable that hemlock or fir termites carpenter. 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advantages and disadvantages of timber